In the U.S. one home structure fire is reported every 86 seconds.
Three of every five home fire deaths resulted from fires in homes with no smoke alarms (38%) or no working smoke alarms (21%). --NFPA.org
Here are some FACTS about fire..
Fire is Fast
There is little time!
In less than 30 seconds a small flame can get completely out of control and turn into a major fire. It only takes minutes for thick black smoke to fill a house. In minutes, a house can be engulfed in flames.
If you wake up to a fire, you won't have time to grab valuables because fire spreads too quickly and the smoke is too thick. There is only time to escape.
Fire is Hot
Heat is more threatening than flames.
A fire's heat alone can kill. Room temperatures in a fire can be 100 degrees at floor level and rise to 600 degrees at eye level. Inhaling this super-hot air will scorch your lungs.
This heat can melt clothes to your skin. In five minutes a room can get so hot that everything in it ignites at once: this is called flashover.
Fire is Dark
Fire isn't bright, it's pitch black.
Fire starts bright, but quickly produces black smoke and complete darkness. If you wake up to a fire you may be blinded, disoriented and unable to find your way around the home you've lived in for years.
Fire is Deadly
Smoke and toxic gases kill more people than flames do.
Fire uses up the oxygen you need and produces smoke and poisonous gases that kill. Breathing even small amounts of smoke and toxic gases can make you drowsy, disoriented and short of breath.
The odorless, colorless fumes can lull you into a deep sleep before the flames reach your door. You may not wake up in time to escape.
Courtesy of: FEMA.gov
Taking some small measures ahead of time can save your life!
Have a meeting Place
Have a set meeting place outside, everyone should know to go there in case of an emergency.
Have working smoke detectors. Change the batteries in them when you change your clocks.
Never leave cooking foods unattended. Cooking fires are a leading cause of house fires.
Practice fire drills in your home with your family. Practicing what to do in an emergency can save your life.
Smoke Alarms Save Lives!
Smoke Alarm Facts
Three out of five home fire deaths result from fires in properties without working smoke alarms.
More than one-third (37 percent) of home fire deaths result from fires in which no smoke alarms are present.
The risk of dying in a home fire is cut in half in homes with working smoke alarms.
What Type of Smoke Alarms can I buy?
There are many brands of smoke alarms on the market, but they fall under two basic types: ionization and photoelectric.
Ionization and photoelectric smoke alarms detect different types of fires. Since no one can predict what type of fire might start in their home, the USFA recommends that every home and place where people sleep have:
- Both ionization AND photoelectric smoke alarms. OR
- Dual sensor smoke alarms, which contain both ionization and photoelectric smoke sensors.
There are also alarms for people with hearing loss. These alarms may have strobe lights that flash and/or vibrate to alert those who are unable to hear standard smoke alarms when they sound.
Where do I put smoke alarms in my home?
- Put smoke alarms on every floor of your home. Also, in every bedroom and in the hallway outside of each sleeping area.
- Choose smoke alarms that communicate with each other, so that if one alarm sounds they all will.
- Place smoke alarms on the ceiling or high on the wall. Check the manufacturer's instructions for the best place for your alarm.
- Only qualified electricians should install hardwired smoke alarms.